Everyone is dying to stay fit and healthy that’s there has been an influx of work out and diet plans. One of the popular diet plans today is the ketogenic diet. However, some people, who have been on this diet, claim that they’re experiencing urinary tract infections (UTI). This has led individuals on the keto diet to abandon it in lieu of another diet plan. However, does the keto diet indeed cause UTI? Here’s all you need to know about the keto diet and urinary tract infection. Plus, how these two are related, what the preventive measure is, and what the treatment is.
What Is the Ketogenic Diet?
A ketogenic diet is a high-fat, very low-carb diet. It has a few similarities with other low-carb diets and the Atkins diet. Keto diet is mainly about reducing carbohydrate intake. In lieu of carbs, you consume fat. The reduction of carbohydrates in the body leads to a metabolic state known as ketosis.
Due to this process, the body efficiently burns fat as an energy source. Moreover, the fat in the liver is turned into ketones which supply your brain with energy. Keto diets help in massively reducing insulin and blood sugar levels. So, increased production of ketones, decreased blood sugar and insulin, all lead to numerous health benefits.
Types of Keto Diet
There isn’t just one version of the keto diet. Some other versions include the following:
- Cyclical Ketogenic Diet (CKD)
It implies periods of high-carb refeeds. For example, five days of keto which is followed immediately by two days of high-carb intake.
- High-Protein Ketogenic Diet
Food is categorized into fat, protein, and carbs with a specific percentage of intake. The ratio that is followed is 5 percent carbs, 35 percent protein, and 60 percent fat.
- Standard Ketogenic Diet (SKD)
This keto diet is composed of moderate-protein, high-fat, and very low-carb. The ratio followed is 5 percent carbs, 20 percent protein, and 75 percent fat.
- Targeted Ketogenic Diet (TKD)
If you’re working out, then this diet still allows the addition of carbohydrates to your after-workout meal.
Who Shouldn’t Be on the Keto Diet?
The keto diet is relatively safe, save for three groups. These three groups necessitate a special consideration in regards to their diets. So, a high-fat, high-protein and very low-carb diet may not be suitable.
- Diabetic Individuals
- Individuals With High-Blood Pressure
- Women Who Are Pregnant or Are Breastfeeding
What Is UTI?
UTI is the infection involving the urinary system. This includes the bladder and urethra. Almost anyone can get a UTI, but it is more common in women. There are two types of UTI, and both kinds can cause an infection in the kidney if left untreated.
- Cystitis: an infection involving the bladder.
- Urethritis: infection involving the urethra.
What Are the Symptoms of UTI?
Urgent and frequent urination is one of the common symptoms. Other symptoms of a UTI include:
- Burning or painful sensation when one urinates
- Cloudy or foul-smelling urine
- Pus or blood in the urine
- Soreness or cramps in the back, sides, or lower belly
However, if the infection is left untreated and heads to the kidneys, then other symptoms may manifest. These include:
- General Malaise
- Nausea and Vomiting
- Pain in the Back Particularly Left or Right of the Spine
How Keto Diet and Urinary Tract Infection Are Related
Since the keto diet affects the body by increasing the amount of protein in the body, it contributes to the sensation of discomfort in urination. Moreover, the calories consumed from proteins are more acidic in nature. Thus, an individual on a high-fat, high-protein diet is more prone than others to suffering painful urination.
You don’t have to abandon this diet plan just yet. A few adjustments plus healthy pointers to follow should help you out in avoiding UTI and sticking to your diet plan.
Prevent UTI While on Keto
These tips may aid individuals on the keto diet in reducing their chances of getting a UTI.
- Balance the Calories Consumed
Overconsumption of calories in food high in “bad” fats is harmful to one’s health. Try to lower the intake of fats or try healthy sources of fats such as nuts.
- Boost Intake of Salt
An increase in acid in the body can most likely cause a burning sensation when you pee. Try consuming more salt in your diet. This helps in alleviating the problem.
- Add Antioxidants
Consume antioxidant-rich food. Some sources include cranberries. Doing so help mitigate symptoms of UTI.
- Drink Loads of Water
Increase your intake of water. It not only helps boost urination but also aids in flushing out acids from your body. Moreover, an increase in electrolytes helps the body regulate toxins and retain water.
- Try Chicken Broth
Chicken broth helps in detoxifying the liver. Apart from being loaded with amino acids, chicken broth helps in cleansing the body of unwelcome pathogenic microorganisms. Do this twice a day.
These preventive steps can help an infection of the urinary tract from happening while on the keto diet. However, if you already have UTI, then treating the infection is the next step.
Treatment of UTI
For individuals on the keto diet and are already manifesting symptoms of a UTI, treatment should be done. Luckily, UTIs are quickly treatable. Antibiotics are the general treatment given by healthcare practitioners. Over-the-counter medications are also taken for the pain.
However, do take note that when taking antibiotics, finish the number of medicines indicated in the prescription by your physician. Symptoms usually disappear on the second or third day of medication. If the treatment for UTI is halted early, then the infection may return.
More tests may be done if the symptoms of a urinary tract infection refuse to leave after a few days. Different medications may be prescribed. If the symptoms become severe or the pain becomes unbearable, then seek immediate medical attention.
Staying fit shouldn’t just be about sticking to a diet plan. Keeping an active and healthy lifestyle also helps in reaching your fitness goals. As for the keto diet and urinary tract infection issues, following the steps mentioned can help in preventing UTI from happening.